A famous city and port on the western Mediterranean coast of Egypt, Alexandria was founded by Alexander the Great in 332 B.C. and bears his name. The most famous monuments of Alexandria were the Mouseion, the imperial library, the lighthouse on the island of Pharos, the Caesareum, the Serapeum, and the tomb of Alexander the Great. The Pharos of Alexandria was regarded as one of the wonders of the classical world. The actual most important monuments are the pillar of Pompey, the catacombs of Kom el-Shuqafa, the Bibliotheca Alexandrina, the fortress of Kaitbay, and the Graeco-Roman Theater.
Port Said is a city that lies in north east Egypt, north of the Suez Canal. The city was established in 1859 during the building of the Suez Canal. Port Said has been ranked the first among the Egyptian cities according to the Human Development Index in 2009 and 2010, the economic base of the city is fishing and industries. Port Said is also an important harbour for exports of Egyptian products like cotton and rice, but also a fueling station for ships that pass through the Suez Canal.